USCIS announced official H1B 2023 first-round lottery results on March 29th, 2022 indicating that they have completed the H1B lottery first round and notified all selected applicants. What they did not announce was the total number of filings and other metrics. They quietly updated their H1B Registration page today with the H1B registrations numbers for FY 2023 season. In this article, we will review all the numbers, metrics and compare them with the past and outline what to expect next.
Background – H1B 2023 Season
Earlier this year, USCIS announced dates for H1B 2023 Season. They accepted H1B registrations for FY 2023 season from March 1st, 2022 until March 18th, 2022. The H1B 2023 Lottery Results were out over the weekend of March 25th, 2022. Many applicants were notified over a period of a few days from March 25th until March 29th, 2022.
USCIS gave an official press release on March 29th, 2022 indicating that H1B Lottery first-round results were notified to all the selected applicants and employers need to check their H1B registration accounts. But, they did not really give the breakdown of the total number of H1B Registrations filed or other details. Today, April 14th, 2022, they quietly updated the H1B registration webpage with the numbers. Let’s look at the details.
483,927 H1B Registrations Submitted for FY 2023
USCIS received a whopping 483,927 H1B Registrations for FY 2023 Season ( rounded to 484K for easy calculations). It is crazy to even think of the total number of H1B registrations received by USCIS for FY 2023. This is the highest ever number of H1B registrations received by USCIS in the history of the H1B program.
Let’s do simple math to come up with some facts and find the ratio of registrations to available H1B Visa Quota Cap
- Registrations / Availability Ratio = 483,927/85,000 = 5.69
- The above ratio means that for 1 H1B visa cap slot, USCIS received 5.69 registrations. If we round it, USCIS got about close to 6 registrations for one available slot.
- The chances of selection are: 85,000/483,927 = 17.56%
- The above percentage means, that out of 100 registrations submitted only 17 would be selected in H1B Lottery.
Comparison with H1B FY 2022 Season
For H1B FY 2022 season, USCIS received 308,613 registrations. If we compare that with this year’s numbers it is a whopping 57% increase in the number of H1B registrations.
Below is the trend of H1B Total Prospective applications/registrations that were submitted with USCIS from the FY 2004 season until the FY 2023 Season
127,600 H1B Registrations Selected for FY 2023 Season
USCIS said that based on historical data from the last couple of years and trends, they selected 127,600 H1B Registrations for FY 2023 Season. If we compare it with last year’s numbers, below is how it looks
- H1B FY 2023 Selected Registrations in First Round = 127,600
- H1B FY 2022 Selected Registrations in First Round = 87,500
- Additional Registrations selected in first round for FY 2023 = 40,100 more
- Percentage of additional Registrations selected in first round = 45% more
If you look at the reason for their additional selections this year, there were three rounds of H1B Lottery for FY 2022 season as per H1B Cap Count Updates History below.
- FY 2022 Second Round H1B Lottery Selections = 27,717
- FY 2022 Third Round H1B Lottery Selections = 16,753
- Total additional selections in FY 2022 in the Second, Third rounds = 44,470
If you compare numbers, USCIS basically selected the second round and third round lottery selection numbers now in the first round itself so that they can meet the H1B cap with one round of selections. We need to see, how it would really work this year.
48,000 H1B Employers, 31% US Masters Quota for FY 2023
Below are the various metrics on how many employers, masters, and regular quota registrations for H1B FY 2023 and how changed from FY 2022 season.
H1B Sponsoring Employers for FY 2023
- For H1B FY 2023 season, USCIS said that over 48,000 prospective H1B employers filed H1B registrations.
- If we compare that with FY 2022 season, there were only 37,000 prospective H1B employers.
- It is a 29% increase in the number of employers, who filed for H1B registrations this year.
H1B Masters Quota Registrations for FY 2023, comparison
In terms of H1B Master’s quota filings, for H1B FY 2023 season, they accounted for 31% of total registrations. For FY 2022, they accounted for 48% of total registrations. Below are the numbers
- FY 2023 H1B Masters Quota Registrations (31%) = 150,017
- FY 2022 H1B Masters Quota Registrations (48%)= 148,134
- The change in H1B Masters quota registrations = 1,833
- Percentage change in H1B Masters quota registrations = 1.27% increase
- There is not a big increase in the total number of H1B registrations filed by US Master’s applicants. This seems same like last year
H1B Regular Quota Registrations for FY 2023, comparison
If we review the regular quota registrations, for H1B FY 2023 season, they accounted for 69% of total registrations. For FY 2022, they accounted for 52 % of total registrations. Below are the numbers
- FY 2023 H1B Regular Quota Registrations = 333,910
- FY 2022 H1B Regular Quota Registrations=160,479
- The change in H1B Regular quota registrations = 173,431
- Percentage change in H1B Masters registrations = 108% increase
- This is crazy to see a 108% increase in filings for the Regular quota. It could be due to rise in open positions in the US and the removal of travel restrictions. But, still, this is a crazy increase…
Why so many filings? Multiple Registrations Issue ?
In general, there is no doubt that there is a very high demand for the H1B Visa program, but the total number of H1B registrations for FY 2023 is so high that it raises alarm bells at many companies and law firms. In fact, there was a lawsuit filed last year regarding the duplicate registrations but did not get a proper outcome in the court. There was an attempt made to change the lottery to be based on H1B wage levels, which was canceled by the court as well.
For FY 2023, USCIS did put out an additional note indicating that they will enforce additional checks to ensure that companies/ applicants are not gaming the system and creating unfair chances with multiple filings by colluding. We need to wait and see how far USCIS goes with these enforcements and how various companies and law firms react to this crazy number of filings.
Will there be Second Round Lottery?
This is a million-dollar question. This year USCIS selected an additional 42,600 more than the H1B cap of 85,000 to meet the H1B cap. They have taken a buffer of 42,600 assuming that these companies would not file or they will be denied due to some other reason. Now, the big question is are they sufficient enough to fill the H1B cap.
It is too early to say if there will be or will not be an H1B second-round lottery. If most of FY 2023 registrations are genuine, then we may not have the H1B second round lottery, but what are the odds of all of this year’s registrations being bonafide? We will do a detailed analysis on this later in a subsequent article.
What do you think of the total registrations for FY 2023 Season ? What are your thoughts to avoid fraud? What should USCIS do? Share your thoughts in the comments section below.