One of our readers, Vivek, has written a guest article series “Why NOT to return to India “. It is very interesting … Vivek has presented some real data with lot of research and reference links….I believe that this is very controversial discussion….Lets not fight over this, but look at the facts and his perspective. In this first article, the focus is on reservations in education system and govt. jobs.
All the Non-resident Indians (NRIs), please consider below mentioned pitfalls before going back/returning back to India. Don’t get fooled too much by the Indian Growth story. Most of the Return 2 India articles in newspapers are sponsored by real estate companies as NRI’s are their biggest customers.
Education System, Government Jobs – India:
In India complete education system and all Govt. jobs (at state level or central level), promotions in Govt. jobs are based on caste based reservations and not on only pure merit. At central Govt level minimum 50% reservations ( it might further go up in the future) are applicable and at state level it varies based on state. But in a state like Andhra Pradesh which has minimum 83.3% reservations (State of Andhra Pradesh has highest reservations in the world & it is also known as the state that killed merit.)
Reservation Schedule of Andhra Pradesh State , INDIA
* Schedule Castes (A, B, C, D) – 15%
* Schedule Tribes – 6%
* Backward Classes (A, B, C, D) – 25%
* Physically Handicapped (Blind, Deaf & Dumb and OPH) – 3%(1+1+1)
* Ex-Service Men 9APMS only) – 1%
* Women – 33.33%
Total : Minimum 83.33%
If you deduct 83.3% out of 100% remaining 16% is not only for general category candidates or merit category candidates but people from above categories can compete. If a person from reserved category score well then he comes under general category or merit category. Even in reserved categories a person having millions of dollars or who is rich is eligible for reservations. Which in turn takes away the chance of deserving candidates. They don’t exclude creamy lawyer for reservations. Even admissions to Phd or jobs in R&D department is based on reservations, its like killing innovation.
These reservations are applicable in entire education system including PhD and even in Govt. jobs too. The educational seats or Govt. jobs vacant under reserved category are not filled with people from merit category, Govt. leaves them vacant. In India merit is a joke. Merit is discouraged. No scholarships or rather less scholarships are available based on merit. 99.9% scholarships are given by Govt. based on caste. In many states Govt. reimburses 100% of fee of minorities and all reserved categories irrespective of merit. Read: Government of Andhra Pradesh Funding Elections
A student who secured the First Rank in the 2005 Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination but was refused specialization of his choice. Read these articles :
- PG Medical Students Appeals High Court – The Hindu Newspaper
- PG Medical Admission Verdict Info – The Hindu Newspaper
There are many hidden pit falls for the people who are from open category when it comes to maximum age ( All the Govt jobs) and number of attempts to appear for an examination. For instance, in case of Civil Services IPS, IAS a person from Open category can appear for Civils exam only 4 times, whereas OBC can appear7 times, and SC/ST candidate does not have any restriction on number of times. Generally prescribed age limit for Civils exam is minimum 21 years and maximum of 30 years as on 1 August of the year of Examination. But for OBC its 33, for SC/ST its 35. Age relaxations is applicable to most Govt jobs irrespective state it is. For state level Govt jobs sometimes maximum age eligibility goes to up to 40 or above in few states for reserved categories. Maximum age relaxation also applicable while admitting in to education institutions but depends up on type of institution whether state or central.
Don’t ever dream of getting in to Medicine or Govt job under Open or Merit Category.
Nowadays 25% reservations are applicable in private schools too from LKG to Grade 8. Under right to education act these private schools must admit 25% of the students freely from SC/ST, OBC categories etc. In turn, these private schools charge the expenditure incurred on that 25% of the students on the parents of other students so automatically the fees of other students goes up. Even scholarships at school level mostly are given only to minority students like Muslims etc. Kids’ admissions for free education is also based on caste system ( check page 9, point 4).
The following table reflects the typical caste-based reservation profile:
|SC and SC Converts to Buddhism||13.0%|
|Nomadic Tribes (NTI)||2.5%|
|Nomadic Tribes (NT2)||3.5%|
|Nomadic Tribes (NT3)||2.0%|
Table Reference: National Council for Indian Education – Reservations
Some articles related to reservations and education in India.
- Minority Scholarships – Gujarat Govt. High Court
- New Universities for Minorities before Elections – Times of India
- Indian Education System – What needs to Change ?
- Reservations in India – Wikipedia
What are your thoughts on education system and reservations?
Living in America and not seeing much of these reservations, what is your view?