H1B Visa Duplicate Multiple Filings by USCIS New Memo 2018

USCIS H1B Duplicate Filing, Multiple Petitions Rule – What’s Not Allowed ?

In H1B Visa by KumarUpdated : 22 Comments

We have seen H1B lottery for the past few years now, while many are filing one H1B petition and leaving their potential lottery chances to luck, some maybe trying to game the lottery system and do multiple filings to increase their odds of getting picked in H1B Visa Lottery.  On March 23rd,  2018 USCIS published a notice saying that they are adopting a decision from Administrative Appeals Office (AAO) of S-Inc case, that will now apply for all H1B petitions, which is targeted to make it more difficult for employers to file multiple petitions and game the lottery system.  Previously, USCIS gave news alerts  indicating changes like More H1B Site Visits, Level 1 Wage, Email to Report Fraud companies .   All of these changes are to get hold of the petitioners, who have been trying to take advantage of the loopholes in the system.  Now, let’s look at new H1B duplicate filing changes in detail.

Background History of H1B Duplicate Filings

If you look at the historical H1B cap reach dates, lottery situation first occurred in year 2007 for FY 2008 quota. USCIS noticed duplicate filings by employers during that season and for the next fiscal year filings they issued a regulation in March 2008, to avoid employers filings multiple petitions for the same employee. Basically what the new regulation in 2008 was that “USCIS will deny or revoke multiple petitions that are filed by same employer for the same H1B Worker as they are considered duplicate and there will be no refund of the filing fee for these multiple petitions.” Also, one key distinction at that time was that, USCIS regulation did not prevent related employers (like parent company and its subsidiary) from filing H1B petitions for the same employee for different positions, based on business need. This key distinction is what has changed in the new 2018 adopted regulation.

What’s the New Adopted Regulation for Duplicate H1B Filings by Employers ?

USCIS at times adopts a decision from AAO to provide policy guidance for USCIS adjudicators. The current duplicate filings guidance is adopted from Matter of S-Inc’ Case that was originally adjudicated on Jan 11, 2018.  This policy memo adopted from this case adds on to the existing rules on duplicate filings.

Summary of the Policy Memo on H1B Duplicate / Multiple Petitions Filings.

Below is the summary of the adopted decision from March 23, 2018.

  • An employer cannot file more than one H1B petition for the same employee/beneficiary, if the employee petition is subject to H1B cap.
  • If USCIS believes that ‘related entities’ (such as parent company, subsidiary or affiliate companies, even with different Federal Employer Identification Numbers), have filed multiple H1B petitions for the same employee/ beneficiary, they will deny or revoke the approval of all H1B cap subject petitions filed by related entities for that employee/ beneficiary.
  • USCIS clarifies that they consider companies filing H1B petitions as “related entities”, as long as they all apply for the same job or similar position at the same client. These companies may or may not be related through corporate ownership and control.
  • USCIS says that unless there is a legitimate business need to file multiple cap-subject petitions for the same employee or beneficiary, they will deny or revoke the approval of all H-1B cap-subject petitions filed by “related entities” for that beneficiary.
  • USCIS also says that a single employer cannot file more than one cap subject H1B petitions for the same employee/ beneficiary for different jobs or positions, even if there is a legitimate business need, as many can exploit the loophole and file multiple petitions.
    • In scenarios, where there is a real business need for multiple positions for the same employee/beneficiary, USCIS suggest that the employer file an emended or new petition for concurrent employment after the petition is picked in lottery. single employer may not file more than one cap-subject petition for the same beneficiary even if there is a legitimate business need.
  • USCIS has full discretion on deciding the “related entities”, when multiple petitions are filed for the same beneficiary or employee by different companies.

Since 2014, USCIS has been issuing more RFEs and NOIDs for identical petitions filed for same employee or beneficiary by potentially related companies, this was not enforced in all cases. This new policy memo re-iterates such cases and makes it formal guidance for USCIS personnel.

So, what does H1B Duplicate Filings means ?  Simple Illustrations

To summarize on what means a duplicate H1B filing, I believe, it is much easier to understand, if we can illustrate in picture. Below are short descriptions and illustrations on what USCIS calls a duplicate filing.

  • Multiple H1B Petitions filed by Same Employer is Duplicate Filing : A company or employer cannot file multiple H1Bs Petitions for the same employee or beneficiary. It is illustrated below.Duplicate H1B Filings by one company - Scenario 1
  • Multiple H1B Petitions filed by Different Employers Related is Duplicate Filing : Two companies or employers cannot file multiple H1Bs Petitions for the same employee or beneficiary that are related to the same parent company or are subsidiaries.Duplicate H1B Filings by two companies Related - Scenario 2
  • Multiple H1B Petitions filed by Different Employers Not related directly, but for Same Job: Two companies or employers cannot file multiple H1Bs Petitions for the same employee or beneficiary that are not directly or indirectly related to each other but are applying for the same job or similar role at the same end client. It is illustrated below.Duplicate H1B Filings by two companies that are not related - Scenario 3

What we have shown above are some of the most common scenarios, but it is not limited to the above, it is up to the discretion of USCIS to decide, if the companies are related, when they find multiple H1B petition filings for a single beneficiary.

What are your thoughts on the policy memo ?



Other Articles

Comments ( 22 )

  1. TAS

    I had applied for H1 via 2 consultancies as this was my 3rd and final attempt.
    Both of those petitions got picked in the lottery. In this situation, I have a few questions:

    1) Is there any issue with 2 applications? [both consultancies are unrelated]
    2)I got a Contract job via 1 consultancy and would thus be required to fill out the cap gap application through them. What if my 2nd H1B [via 2nd employer] is approved?
    Will there be an issue if the cap-gap extension is filed via 1 employer and h1 is approved via 2nd?
    3) if i decide to go ahead with premium processing with 2nd employer, i have to fill out i983, which will have employer 2’s details. Will it be an issue as cap-gap has employer 1’s details?

    1. administrator

      If both the jobs are fully not related, then should be fine. If the end client is same or the companies are related in some way, then it can be considered as duplicate petitions.

  2. Peter A

    Would all of the above scenarios also apply to cap-exempt companies?

    My scenario is the same as “Multiple H1B Petitions filed by Different Employers Not related directly, but for Same Job”, with a H1B application underway, however I have received a much better job offer from another cap exempt company.

    If not allowed, what is the best way to proceed?


    1. administrator

      Well, if you have it from a cap exempt University or non-profit research entity, it is a better option than risking duplicating filing denial…It is your discretion, talk to your attorney and then make an informed decision.

  3. Lasttimer


    My employer filed a new H-1B CAP Petition While A Prior Petition under 2018 Cap is still Pending. I am yet to receive the lottery results of the new year.

    Is this allowed? Will it be considered duplicate filings


    1. administrator

      Very interesting, you mean, you were selected in FY 2019 and still in processing ? That’s really long, you should upgrade it to PP and get it done.
      It will not be duplicate..

  4. Santoosh


    I have a query regarding duplicate petitions. I recently moved to USA to work for Company A with Client X. Now I got a offer from Client Y. So I Joined Client Y with layers ( Company A -> Company B -> Company C -> Client Y). My employer (Company A) has filed an amendment petition, which is still in process. Now Company C want me to join them. I am thinking as layers will be avoided (Company C -> Client Y).
    In this case Company C can file H1B transfer petition for Me? As my current employer (Company A)’s amendment petition is still in process. Will this be a duplicate petition? This is a change of employer (Company C).

    How can I proceed in this case? Kindly help me to deal with situation.

    Thank you.

  5. Ajith

    If I file two petitions one from my current employer for an end client and second petition from completely different employer for the same end client and substantially similar position, would be considered duplicate filing if only first application gets picked up in lottery and second is not?

  6. Rapper

    So simple..Apply H1 from ur employer with ur job..apply another one with another diff employer keeping In-house project.. do as much as 6 more applications. As per rules, 7 companies can apply h1 for an employee at same time. Its up to the person to choose if all those pics up. Like I get an offer from HP, Apple, Google, Facebook , Dell, Sprint, BCBS. All apply my H1 with their positions. But i only select based on my interest

  7. Who

    This is interesting. So here’s a hypothetical situation. Walt Disney owns Pixar, LucasFilm, ESPN, and 21st Century Fox. 21st Century Fox owns National Geographic, Fox Searchlight etc etc. So if a person gets a job with more than one of these companies and they apply for their H1B, it would get rejected?

    BTW only a handful of big companies in media and technology own almost all the successful smaller ones. Facebook owns Instagram as well as WhatsApp, for example.

    One one hand this may push these companies to hire more citizens given this risk.

    But if the purpose of the new legislation is also to prevent wage deflation in the H1B tech sector, and its repercussions in the wider market, wouldn’t restricting the ability of potential H1B employees to shop around for best offers deflate it further?

  8. sricharan

    there is nothing new here. all this rules are already there except setting up a new office do the same old stuff. i dislike the post of communicating it in a wrong way as if it is all new.

  9. Hope

    Hi Kumar,

    Thanks for this information. This memo doesn’t say that it’s illegal to file 2 legitimate H1b petitions ( legitimate means with two different employers, different clients and different states, absolutely no relationship and real job offers) Is this correct?

    1. administrator

      Yes, it is not illegal, as long as the employers are really not considered as ‘related entities’ by USCIS. They exercise their discretion in deciding the ‘related entities’.

  10. 2019

    If the second petition is with contract house, the beneficiary will definitely be scrutinized! Reported people pay contract house to file extra petitions.

      1. administrator

        Well, it is hard to know how many duplicate petitions have been filed in the past. USCIS has not released any such numbers in the past. It will apply to all multiple petitions filings, that satisfy the above scenarios.

    1. administrator

      Yes, this only applies to cap-subject petitions. Read the links in reference section, they point to original memo.

Leave a Comment

Comments Policy :
  • Comments are to drive conversation, add your thoughts, experiences, ask questions!
  • Do NOT write hate speech, swear words, or get into fight. Maintain etiquette
  • Enter your Name, valid Email, URL(optional - Facebook, LinkedIn profile URLs).
  • Your email will NOT be published. Do NOT post any phone numbers, email-ids
  • Do NOT post any links from other websites, unless official sites, University websites.
  • By submitting your comment, you agree to Term and Conditions of our website.